naslovnica

IF JCR (2020): 0.551
IF SNIP (2020): 0.417
ISSN: 0351-0271
e-ISSN: 1581-1328
COBISS.SI ID: 5091842
UDK: 528=863
Zveza geodetov Slovenije
Publisher:
Association of Surveyors of Slovenia
Zemljemerska ulica 12, SI-1000 Ljubljana
E-mail: info@geodetski-vestnik.com
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Preučevanje prostorske dimenzije prometnih nesreč s statističnimi in nestatističnimi pristopi za prepoznavanje žarišč nesreč z GIS

Assessing road accidents in spatial context via statistical and non-statistical approaches to detect road accident hotspot using GIS

Author(s):

Yegane Khosravi, Farhad Hosseinali, Mostafa Adresi

Abstract:

Road accidents are among the most critical causes of fatality, personal injuries, and financial damage worldwide. Identifying accident hotspots and the causes of accidents and improving the condition of these hotspots is an economical way to improve road traffic safety. In this study, to identify the accident hotspots of “Dehbala” road located in Yazd province-Iran, statistical and non-statistical clustering methods were used. First, the weighting of the criteria was performed by an expert using the AHP method. Hence, the spatial correlation of slope and curvature was calculated by Global Moran’I. Anselin Local Moran index and Getis-Ord Gi* and Kernel Density Estimation were used to identify accident hotspots based on accident location due to the density of points. As a result, four accident hotspots were obtained by the Anselin Local Moran index, three accident hotspots by Getis-Ord Gi*and one accident-prone area were obtained by Kernel Density Estimation method. Three algorithms, k-means, k-medoids, and DBSCAN, were used to identify accident-prone areas or points using non-statistical methods. The dense cluster of each method was considered as an accident-prone cluster. Then the results of statistical and non- statistical methods were intersected with each other and the final accident-prone area was obtained. This study revealed the effect of geometric charcateristics of the road (slope and curvature) on the occurance of accidents.

Keywords:

Accident hotspots, Spatial statistics, Spatial clustering, GIS analysis, Moran’s I

DOI: 10.15292/geodetski-vestnik.2022.03.412-431

Citation:

Yegane Khosravi, Farhad Hosseinali, Mostafa Adresi (2022). Preučevanje prostorske dimenzije prometnih nesreč s statističnimi in nestatističnimi pristopi za prepoznavanje žarišč nesreč z GIS. | Assessing road accidents in spatial context via statistical and non-statistical approaches to detect road accident hotspot using GIS. Geodetski vestnik, 66 (3), 412-431. DOI: 10.15292/geodetski-vestnik.2022.03.412-431

ISSN: 0352-3551
EISSN: 1581-0267
COBISS: 3664386
UDK: (05) 532;556;626/628.6
Zveza geodetov Slovenije
Publisher:
Association of Surveyors of Slovenia
Zemljemerska ulica 12, SI-1000 Ljubljana
E-mail: info@geodetski-vestnik.com
CC