Abstract

Up-to-date cadastral maps are crucial for urban planning. Creating those maps with the classical geodetic methods is expensive and time-consuming. Emerge of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) made a possibility for quick acquisition of data with much more details than it was possible before. The topic of the research refers to the challenges of automatic extraction of building footprints on high-resolution orthophotos. The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to test the possibility of using different publicly available datasets (Tanzania, AIRS and Inria) for neural network training and then test the generalisation capability of the model on the Area Of Interest (AOI); (2) to evaluate the effect of the normalised digital surface model (nDSM) on the results of neural network training and implementation. Evaluation of the results shown that the models trained on the Tanzania (IoU 36.4%), AIRS (IoU 64.4%) and Inria (IoU 7.4%) datasets doesn't satisfy the requested accuracy to update cadastral maps in study area. Much better results are achieved in the second part of the study, where the training of the neural network was done on tiles (256x256) of the
orthophoto of AOI created from data acquired using UAV. A combination of RGB orthophoto with nDSM resulted in a 2% increase of IoU, achieving the final IoU of over 90%.

Key words: neural network, deep learning, classification, Structure from Motion, unmanned aerial vehicles, building footprint extraction