NAČINI VZPOSTAVITVE DIGITALNIH KATASTRSKIH NAČRTOV V PRIMERLJIVIH DRŽAVAH
APPROACHES TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF DIGITAL CADASTRAL MAPS IN COMPARABLE COUNTRIES

Miran Ferlan, Radoš Šumrada, Marjan Čeh, Anka Lisec

DOI: 10.15292/geodetski-vestnik.2011.02.235-256

 

Izvleček:

Pri uporabi in primerjavi podatkov zemljiškega katastra v okviru sistema zemljiške administracije na mednarodni ravni se pogosto meni, da obravnavamo splošno znana dejstva in definicije, povezane z registracijo zemljišč oziroma nepremičnin. Toda pri podrobnejši obravnavi hitro spoznamo, da so zgodovina, razvitost države ali celo regije ter
zakonodaja na področju evidentiranja in upravljanja nepremičnin zelo vplivali na osnovne funkcije v sistemu zemljiškega katastra. Tako se pogosto srečujemo s pomanjkljivim znanjem o posebnostih zemljiškega katastra v posamezni državi ali regiji. Namen članka ni primerjati posameznih katastrskih sistemov glede stopnje informatizacije ali prikazati načine vzdrževanja zemljiškega katastra. V prispevku je obravnavan vpliv informacijske tehnologije na razvoj grafičnih podsistemov zemljiškega katastra, s poudarkom na vzpostavitvi in izboljšavi digitalnih katastrskih načrtov v primerljivih državah: v Avstriji, na Danskem, Švedskem in v Sloveniji. Primerjava zakonodaje ter upravljanja digitalnih katastrskih načrtov v izbranih državah z zemljiškokatastrskim prikazom v Sloveniji je podana v zadnjem delu članka.

Ključne besede: zemljiški kataster, katastrski načrt, digitalni kataster, izboljšava, Slovenija, Avstrija, Danska, Švedska

 

Abstract:

When using and comparing land cadastral data in the framework of different land administration systems at the international level, it must be acknowledged that there are common known facts and definitions relating to the registration of land or real property. With deeper study, it is soon evident that the historic development of the country or even region, together with the legal framework in the field of real property registration and management strongly influence the basic functions of land cadastre, and for this reason there is often missing knowledge on the unique features of land cadastres in the particular country or region. The purpose of this article is neither the comparison of land cadastral systems regarding the level of adoption of information technology, nor a demonstration of approaches for maintenance of land cadastre. The main focus is on the influence of information technology on the development of graphical subsystems of land cadastres in Austria, Denmark, Sweden and Slovenia. The establishment and improvement of digital cadastral maps are emphasized. The final remarks are meant as the comparison of Slovenian system of land cadastre layer with the experiences in the selected countries.

Keywords: land cadastre, cadastral map, digital cadastre, improvement, Slovenia, Austria, Denmark, Sweden

 

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