Abstract

True orthophoto is a better product than a classical orthophoto in urban areas, because buildings are depicted in the correct plane position, and the content around the building is also visible. The main goal of our research was to verify two approaches of a true orthophoto production: a) true orthophoto production based on digital terrain model and digital building model, and b) automatic true orthophoto production. We performed the research in two test areas within the Municipality of Ljubljana. We compared the both procedures and the produced true orthophotos with the classical orthophoto, and assessed the production time component as well. To produce true orthophoto, larger overlapping of aerial images is required, thus the time for aerial surveying is increased by approximately 25 percentage. The time of manual work, compared to classical orthophoto production, is lower by the factor 0.27 for automatically produced true orthophoto, and is greater by the factor 2.75 for the true orthophoto based on digital terrain model and digital building model. Aesthetic appearance of automatically produced orthophoto has only minor shortcomings on the buildings’ roof edges which are slightly serrated. Considering all the mentioned aspects, the automatically produced true orthophoto is competitive with the classical orthophoto.

Key words: true orthophoto, classical orthophoto, automatic true orthophoto production, building vectorisation, lidar point cloud, aerial surveying